French midfielder Marveaux joined Newcastle in 2011, before leaving five years later on a free transfer.
He made just 57 appearances for the Magpies in all competitions during that time, failing to live up to expectations before returning to his homeland with Lorient last summer.
In his time in the north east, he managed just two goals, twice being sent out on loan before departing.
“I’m 31, I’ve had a career of ups and downs,” he told media in France. “I left France, not under the best conditions, at 25, but I had the chance to sign five years in England in Newcastle.
“I had a nice contract, but I did not enjoy it there.
“Last season, with Lorient, gave me a lot of fun. The ground and the region made me bloom. I want to continue in that direction.”
Marveaux impressed on his return to France last season, and has elected to remain with Lorient for the 2017-18 campaign – despite interest from elsewhere.
“I could have got a big contract in Turkey. And if I had waited, there would probably have been others.
“But with all the factors I mentioned, and after reflection, I thought that the best thing was to stay at the Lorient.”