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Portugal-vs-Chile.jpg

Could Cristiano Ronaldo have been moved up the list of Portugal penalty takers? The spot-kick laws explained

Date Posted,June 28, 2017

Cristiano Ronaldo was dumped out of the Confederations Cup after Portugal scored a remarkable own goal in the shoot-out.

Portugal superstar Ronaldo had been lined up to take the all-important fifth penalty but it never got that far after Ricardo Quaresma, Joao Moutinho and Nani all had their spot kicks saved by Chile keeper Claudio Bravo.

However, the shoot-out seemed to confuse even TV pundits Lee Dixon and Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink who claimed Ronaldo could not have moved up the order before Chile won after just three penalties .

It also sent Twitter into meltdown with people debating as to what order it is best to take penalties in and whether the best kicker should go first or last after Chile’s shoot-out success knocked out Portugal.

But the laws laid down by IFAB are very clear that you do not have to inform the referee of the order and a “team may change the order of the kickers.”

Here are the laws regarding penalties below:

Ronaldo consoles Ricardo Quaresma after he missed from the spot (Photo: Getty)
laudio Bravo of Chile celebrates with his team-mates (Photo: Getty Images Europe)

BEFORE KICKS FROM THE PENALTY MARK START

Unless there are other considerations (e.g. ground conditions, safety etc.), the referee tosses a coin to decide the goal at which the kicks will be taken which may only be changed for safety reasons or if the goal or playing surface becomes unusable

The referee tosses a coin again and the team that wins the toss decides whether to take the first or second kick.

With the exception of a substitute for a goalkeeper who is unable to continue, only players who are on the field of play or are temporarily off the field of play (injury, adjusting equipment etc.) at the end of the match are eligible to take kicks.

Each team is responsible for selecting from the eligible players the order in which they will take the kicks. The referee is not informed of the order ,

If at the end of the match and before or during the kicks one team has a greater number of players than its opponents, it must reduce its numbers to the same number as its opponents and the referee must be informed of the name and number of each player excluded. Any excluded player is not eligible to take part in the kicks (except as outlined below),

A goalkeeper who is unable to continue before or during the kicks may be replaced by a player excluded to equalise the number of players or, if their team has not used its maximum permitted number of substitutes, a named substitute, but the replaced goalkeeper takes no further part and may not take a kick.

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Claudio Bravo celebrates after making one of his three superb saves in the shootout (Photo: Getty Images)

DURING KICKS FROM THE PENALTY MARK

Only eligible players and match officials are permitted to remain on the field of play.

All eligible players, except the player taking the kick and the two goalkeepers, must remain within the centre circle.

The goalkeeper of the kicker must remain on the field of play, outside the penalty area, on the goal line where it meets the penalty area boundary line.

An eligible player may change places with the goalkeeper.

The kick is completed when the ball stops moving, goes out of play or the referee stops play for any offence; the kicker may not play the ball a second time.

The referee keeps a record of the kicks.

If the goalkeeper commits an offence and, as a result, the kick is retaken, the goalkeeper must be cautioned.

If the kicker is penalised for an offence committed after the referee has signalled for the kick to be taken, that kick is recorded as missed and the kicker is cautioned.

If both the goalkeeper and kicker commit an offence at the same time:

  • if the kick is missed or saved, the kick is retaken and both players cautioned
  • if the kick is scored, the goal is disallowed, the kick is recorded as missed and the kicker cautioned
Cristiano Ronaldo of Real Madrid celebrates after winning the penalty shoot out during the UEFA Champions League Final (Photo: Getty Images Europe)

SUBJECT TO THE CONDITIONS EXPLAINED BELOW, BOTH TEAMS TAKE FIVE KICKS

The kicks are taken alternately by the teams.

If, before both teams have taken five kicks, one has scored more goals than the other could score, even if it were to complete its five kicks, no more kicks are taken.

If, after both teams have taken five kicks, the scores are level kicks continue until one team has scored a goal more than the other from the same number of kicks.

Each kick is taken by a different player and all eligible players must take a kick before any player can take a second kick.

The above principle continues for any subsequent sequence of kicks but a team may change the order of kickers.

Kicks from the penalty mark must not be delayed for a player who leaves the field of play. The player’s kick will be forfeited (not scored) if the player does not return in time to take a kick.

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